About the Company Investment :
In general, each of these investment companies must register under the Securities Act of 1933 and the Investment Company Act of 1940. A fourth and lesser-known type of investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940 is a Face-Amount Certificate Company. A major type of company not covered under the Investment Company Act is private investment companies, which are simply private companies that make investments in stocks or bonds, but are limited to under 100 investors and are not regulated by the SEC. These funds are often composed of very wealthy investors.
A firm in which investors pool their funds to allow for diversification and professional management. Because individual firms often specialize in particular types of investments, the potential returns and risks vary considerably among firms. Charges to investors—both to acquire shares in a firm and to pay management for operating the company—vary significantly from investment company to investment company. Also called management company.